Saturday, May 23, 2020

Quaker Women in American Colonies Essay - 2207 Words

Quaker Women in the American Colonies During the colonial period, women were considered inferior to men and â€Å"nothing more than servants for their husbands.† During the eighteenth century, unmarried Quaker women were the first to vote, stand up in court, and evangelize; although Quaker women enjoyed rights that women today take for granted, they were most known for their religious radicalism. According to Rufus Jones, a professor at Harvard, the Quakers â€Å"felt, as their own testimony plainly shows, that they were not solitary adventurers, but that God was pushing them out to be the bearers of a new and mighty word of Life which was to remake the world, and that the whole group behind them was in some sense embodied in them.† Women†¦show more content†¦Margaret Fell Fox was a devoutly religious woman and a champion for the rights of Quakers; she worked tirelessly to ensure their civil liberties. Margaret Fell Fox never made it to the American colon ies but her preaching, religious convictions, and continued resolve after years in prison, changed the face of women who would travel to the New World as Quakers. Mary Dyer stood up at Anne Hutchinson’s trial and walked out with Anne Hutchinson, only to return as a thorn in the sides of John Endicott and John Winthrop. Mary Barrett was born England but immigrated to the Massachusetts with her husband William Dyer in 1635; both of them were Puritans. During the trial of Anne Hutchinson, both William and Mary Dyer were open supporters of Anne Hutchinson. Although William Dyer held positions of â€Å"high importance,† he was relieved of duty and disarmed, along with other followers of Anne Hutchinson. When Mary Dyer followed Anne Hutchinson out of the Church, she and her husband were also banished; there was a scandal concerning the death of a stillborn child Mary Dyer had given birth to and after the inquest, Governor John Winthrop said that Mary Dyer â€Å"was di vinely punished for this sinful heresy by being delivered of a stillborn ‘monster’.† Mary Dyer went to England for five years and while there, became aShow MoreRelatedComparison of Three Prominent Women in American History (1616-1768)1544 Words   |  7 PagesProminent Women in American History (1616-1768) Women did not have many rights during 1616-1768, these three prominent women Pocahontas, Anne Hutchinson and Hannah Griffitts, will show many changes for women symbols from the Colony America, American Christianity to Boycotting British Goods. All three were involved in religious, political and cultural aspects during there time, making many changes and history. There are three documents that will be used to compare these three women PocahontasRead MoreChapter 3 : The British Atlantic World1657 Words   |  7 Pagessay yes. Similar to the French and Spanish colonies, the British allied with Native Americans to gain power in North America. Meanwhile, many Native American groups grouped together in what the British called â€Å"tribes† in order to counter population decline and have some political power. The colonies were mostly autonomous and part of the South Atlantic System, which brought them economic growth. Colonies to Empire, 1660 - 1713 England governed its colonies loosely before 1660, but after 1660, whenRead MoreSettling The Northern Colonies : Big Picture Themes1676 Words   |  7 PagesChapter #3: Settling the Northern Colonies - Big Picture Themes 1. Plymouth, MA was founded with the initial goal of allowing Pilgrims, and later Puritans, to worship independent of the Church of England. Their society, ironically, was very intolerant itself and any dissenters were pushed out of the colony. 2. Other New England colonies sprouted up, due to (a) religious dissent from Plymouth and Massachusetts as with Rhode Island, (b) the constant search for more farmland as in Connecticut, andRead MoreSlavery 1680-18601039 Words   |  5 Pagesman and land ownership and all rights and freedom for Native Americans, poor whites, African Americans, and women diminish substantially in America. Americas growing settlements and colonies were completely dependent on slave labor and were growing fast because of it. America’s freedom was stripped during slavery due to the high dependency on African American slave trade. With the up rise of revolts and anti slavery acts, the colonies feel just how dependent on the slave trade and how little freedomRead MoreThe Quakers And The Religious Society Of Friends967 Words   |  4 PagesThe Quakers were first founded in the mid-1600s in England and were formerly known as The Religious Society of Friends. They were a very simple and devoted democ ratic group of people. When they arrived in America, they began to try to settle in Massachusetts. Massachusetts was also where the Puritan colonists had been settling and because they (the Quakers) threatened the Puritan’s beliefs in America they gave them and other opposing religions, such as the Baptists, harsh punishments for inhabitingRead More Slavery Essay915 Words   |  4 Pagescentury. In 1713 the exclusive right to supply the Spanish colonies was granted to the British South Sea Company. The English based their trading in the North America. In North America the first African slaves landed at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. Brought by early English privateers, they were subjected to limited servitude, a legalized status of Native American, white, and black servants preceding slavery in most, if not all, the English colonies in the New World. The number of slaves imported was smallRead Morechapter 3 and 41055 Words   |  5 Pageswell thought out. Chapter 3 â€Å"Introduction† â€Å"Global Competition and the Expansion of England’s Empire† â€Å"Origins of American Slavery† â€Å"Colonies in Crisis†- Choose only one sub-topic â€Å"The Growth of Colonial America† â€Å"Social Classes in the Colonies†- Choose only one sub-topic 1. How did the mercantilist system work? Explain how the â€Å"mother country† benefited from having colonies. a. The government was in charge of all economic activity the way to promote power. They establish special boundariesRead MoreCase Study : Colony Commercial For Delaware1225 Words   |  5 PagesNames: _Cheyenne White Colony Commercial for Delaware_ You and your group will create a commercial (TV style) promoting your colony over the other 12. Your goal is to entice people from Europe or from other colonies to want to live and work in your colony. Step 1: Learn about your colony: 1. When was it established as a British colony? The Dutch founded the first European settlement in Delaware in 1631. A permanent settlement was not established until 1638 by the Swedes. 2. Who established it? PeterRead MoreSlavery : A Tragic Time1663 Words   |  7 Pageswhen twenty African Americans were brought to Jamestown, Virginia, and purchased as if they were items (James and Lois Horton, 243). These slaves were sold to British colonists and were the first of these slaves sold specifically in British North America (James and Lois Horton, 243). Virginia Hamilton says, â€Å"The twenty were Africans stolen from their homes by slave traders. They were traded to the Virginia colony in exchange for food and other supplies† (5). African Americans were typically madeRead MoreImpact of the English Reformation and the Restoration on the English Colonies1729 Words   |  7 PagesRestoration on the English Colonies From the turmoils of establishing a stable political and religious identity in all of Europe, and England in particular, gave rise to the English Reformation and subsequently the Restoration era in the 16th and 17th centuries. While the onset of both the English Reformation and the Restoration era had a prominent impact on the colonies in the New World in regards to religious freedom, they differed in that the Restoration Colonies were embarked upon and driven

Monday, May 11, 2020

Self-Concept in Childhood and Adolescence and Peers...

This video shows how as children develop an appreciation on their inner mental world, they think more about themselves. They mention concrete characteristics like, names, physical appearance, possetions and typical feelings and behaviors are emphasized in their self-descriptions when they are 5 to 7 years old. In the video a little girl said, â€Å" I like to sing, ride my bike, go to swim in a swimming pool, my teacher’s name is Miss. Fargo, she is pretty nice to me, my favorite subject in school is math†. With age young people organized their concrete description into personality traces. Another example of a teenager who said, â€Å"I’m Lisa, I’m fifteen, I’m a freshmen, I have a brother, his name is Sean, and I have more sibling. I’m an athlete,†¦show more content†¦Sixteen years old Kayla said, the whole idea of bulling is something she knows about first hand because it’s been happening to her for ten years. Interesting enough, the first few times she had no idea what was going on. At the beginning of this video, Kayla talks about her long and horrible experience. â€Å"I really didn’t understand why people were teasing me, it didn’t make much sense to me; not like I am not so different from anybody, what’s the big deal? It took me a while to realize I had friends and they were talking to me about it. People made fun about my size, also the fact that my family was not well enough, we didn’t have too much growing up† The more Kayla tried to fit in, the more they made fun of her, saying that she was trying to be something she is not. After speaking to guidance counselors and her parents, she decided to just learn the whole ignore thing and pushed it aside. A couple of her friends were bigger, so they had their little social circle. â€Å"The only reason we stayed together is because anywhere else we were picked on†. The bullying got worse when she started investigating her interest in other girls her age instead of boys. During Kayla’s eight-grad year, an opened lesbian girl moved to her town. She always had miss feelings about it and was really confused. When the girl came to town it was like she is going to meet someone who must be going through similar situation and who can understand Kayla. They ended up

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Miranda is an American short story, which was published in 1988 Free Essays

â€Å"Miranda† is an American short story, which was published in 1988. It points up the conflicts that might arise when a young girl finds out that she is pregnant. In addition to the obligatory section B, I will in my essay incorporate a short analysis of the text. We will write a custom essay sample on Miranda is an American short story, which was published in 1988 or any similar topic only for you Order Now The main character’s name is â€Å"Miranda† as the title of the story. Miranda is an 18 year old girl who, in the beginning of the story, lives at home by her parents in Los Angeles, California. The story starts the day before she leaves for College in Boston. As the story progresses Miranda’s feelings are changing. In the beginning of the story she seems like a well-balanced girl. She has everything: freedom, a great boyfriend and understanding parents. She seems like any other teenage girl. But as she finds out she is pregnant, she is slowly changing. She gets more and more sceptical towards her surroundings and the whole thing with the pregnancy is not easy for her either. She also becomes more serious and melancholic, because she learns more about life; about what is consists of. Holly is Miranda’s friend and roommate in Boston. She is a year older than Miranda and a more free-minded kind of girl who tries to get Miranda to see things from her point of view. She is a girl who just wants to have fun and not necessarily always thinks of the consequences of her actions. That shows when she often sleeps with her new friend Brian on week nights, and then subsequently gets visited by her boyfriend Tom in the weekends. Holly’s role in the story is to put Miranda into a situation where she has to choose, to tell the reader what kind of girl Miranda is; what her values are. That seems pretty obvious when Miranda says that she wants to be owned, and that she will marry Michael. (p. 4, l. 95) Holly represents the common opinion and she is the contrast to Miranda. When Miranda comes home to her parents, they are having a conversation about her pregnancy with her and Michael. Their reaction reflects the society they live in and they are, surprisingly, more than understanding and sympathizing – or so it would seem. As a true product of their environment, they strongly advise Miranda to get an abortion. Miranda’s parents do not want a daughter who does not study and therefore cannot get an education. As her mother says, she will end up as a dumb little house-wife. (p. 5, l. 147) They want her to have an abortion, so she does not end up in misery. That is not only best for her and Michael, but also for the unborn child. Miranda is mortified at the thought of killing her child. She does not care about the hardships – she is willing to accept the responsibility of the child and raise it. When her parents realise that they are not reaching Miranda, they turn to Michael in an effort to influence him. Michael is young and at school, just the same as Miranda, and although he loves her and accepts the responsibility of the child, he is thinking of his future as well as. When he first heard the news, he soon talked about marriage, because he felt that it was the right thing to do. On the other hand Michael is relieved that her parents are trying to talk her out of it, because he realized that he is not ready to be a father. Michael knows he cannot forsake the baby, otherwise he would scar Miranda. He cannot look Miranda in the eyes; probably because he feels ashamed and guilty about the whole situation. Michael is hurting Miranda when he acts the way he does. She can see that his eyes are full of relief and gratitude when her parents come to the rescue for him. In a sense they buy Michael because they know that if he wont help raise the child, neither will Miranda. Unfortunately, Michael soon realises his mistake – by giving up on the baby, he is also giving up on Miranda. You could say that the choice was between Miranda and the child, or Michael and his future. â€Å"†¦ She looked at Michael. He looked at her, guilty, ashamed (p. 6, l. 195)†¦ He had both won and lost, and his unhappy face struggled to endure both. p. 6, l. 197) The central theme in this short story is teenage pregnancy and the worries and difficulties it brings along with it. The decision to have an abortion or not is a very complicated, because it brings up intense feelings and moral questions, and this often place people in difficult situations. Miranda is an example of a girl who has a lot of thoughts after becoming pregnant. She truly wants to have the baby, but ends up giving in to the fight with her parents. Miranda falls under the traditional values of what is â€Å"the right thing to do,† but at the same time she abandons her chance for happiness. That leads us to another theme in the story: Society’s view on success and happiness. Today, the ultimate idea of success is to please ourselves first, get that major degree and job – then plan a family and a future. Miranda sees it all more simply; she has a baby, she is willing to take responsibility, and plans her future along a different path than society wants for her. Every so often you have to listen to your heart, in order to make yourself happy. Maybe that means going against everyone you know and all you’ve been taught, but sometimes, that is the only way to be happy. How to cite Miranda is an American short story, which was published in 1988, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

Confucianism, the philosophical system based on th Essay Example For Students

Confucianism, the philosophical system based on th Essay e teaching of Confucius (551-479 BC), dominated Chinese sociopolitical life for most of Chinese history and largely influenced the cultures of Korea, Japan, and Indochina. The Confucian school functioned as a recruiting ground for government positions, which were filled by those scoring highest on examinations in the Confucian classics. It also blended with popular and imported religions and became the vehicle for articulating Chinese mores to the peasants. The schools doctrines supported political authority using the theory of the mandate of Heaven. It sought to help the rulers maintain domestic order, preserve tradition, and uphold a constant standard of living for the taxpaying peasants. It trained its adherents in benevolence, traditional rituals, filial piety, loyalty, respect for superiors and for the aged, and principled flexibility in advising rulers. Whilst thy father and mother live, do not wander afar. If you must travel, hold a set course. Confucius 19 Chinese Adoption of the Philosophy The Chinese social culture has since adoption of Confucianism been very family related. In order to understand the thoughts better, imagine your self at that time. People were farmers and the ordinary way of life was to cultivate, which means work hard, and to produce as many children as possible, preferable of male sex. The parents were responsible for their children for as long as they could work, and thereafter the roles were overturned as the children had from there on to provide for the family. This shows how important the family relation was at that time (stressed by Confucius in his philosophy) and still is in China. Let me repeat myself, the strongest link in the chain of the family was and is mutual take care of your beloved ones, because no one else would. This system has deep roots in the Chinese culture and it would be easy to think that its not going to change in a very long time, but nonetheless I claim that a few years would suffice and Im even convinced that it will very soon. There are several reasons to that and my essay is intended to prove them. Developing a modern society China has one astonishing major problem: its population growth. The answer to the question Why do the Chinese bear so many children ?, was partially given above; they need children as a guarantee for the future and more children mean more workers in the households and on the land. Some nationwide campaigns were launched in the last decades whose aim was to restrict the number of children to one per couple through various incentives and threatened penalties. This worked quite well in the urban areas, but in the country sides the one-child policy reportedly had an unexpected and terrible result: the number of female infanticides increased, due to the fact that male children were more desirable as they worked harder. Experience from todays modern societies shows that once wealth is established in a country, the population growth decreases. As an example can be mentioned Europe: during the time before industrialization, and before the state had a crucial social role, the growth rate was extremely high. Now when child labor is prohibited and when there is a common wealth, the population growth rate is in some cases even negative. China is undoubtedly looking into the light of having a better economy, following the traditional path of a country moving from being agricultural to highly industrialized. If China will follow this evolution, peoples mentality will change, just as it has changed in all the countries where there has been a radical economical evolution. Once the state will be able, through pensions and transfers, to take care of people who cannot work, family relations will no longer be indispensable. .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .postImageUrl , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:hover , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:visited , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:active { border:0!important; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:active , .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uea59eaed3c371138d2ecf6e5f264b9ed:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Improving Employee Performance J C Penny EssayI am not saying that family bonds will be less important but the relation child-parent will be solely based on love and attachment, not love, attachment and need. Being more effective, using fertilizers and modern machines will also reduce the need for having such a big share of the population working in the agricultural sector. More and more people will move to the industrial centers, and moving means in some way breaking family relations and rebelling to the ancient thoughts that built a whole way of life for countless generations. The role of the .

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Best Crucible Act 2 Summary

Best Crucible Act 2 Summary SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Act 2 of The Crucible takes us to the Proctor household, where we learn just how crazy things have gotten in Salem after the initial flood of accusations. We'll also find out the extent to which John Proctor's relationship with Elizabeth has suffered after his affair. By the end of Act 2, characters who were thought to be beyond reproach will find themselves in mortal peril as a result of unchecked hysteria. I'll provide two different summaries. The first is a short summary intended for quick review of the plot, and the second is a long summary (the "oops I didn't read it" summary) for those of you who want more specific details on exactly what happened, including smaller side conversations and minor plot points. The CrucibleAct 2 Summary - Short Version John and Elizabeth discuss the trials in Salem, and they both realize things are getting out of hand (though John still believes the court would never actually hang anyone). Elizabeth tells John he has to go into town and inform them that Abigail is lying. John’s hesitance leads to an argument rooted in his affair and the lack of trust that continues to pervade their marriage. Mary Warren, who went to Salem to testify against the Proctors’ wishes, returns to the house and gives Elizabeth a poppet (doll) she made in court. Mary reveals that Elizabeth was accused in court, but she spoke up in her defense. It’s clear that Abigail is accusing Elizabeth because she hopes to take her place as John Proctor’s wife. This leads to another argument where Elizabeth urges John to tell Abigail that there’s absolutely no possibility of them ever being together. Hale arrives and questions the Proctors about their religious devotion based on the accusations levied against Elizabeth. John tells him that the girls are frauds, and Hale actually starts to doubt the validity of the accusers’ claims. Giles Corey and Francis Nurse come to the house in distress, revealing that both of their wives have been arrested for witchcraft. Then, Ezekiel Cheever and Marshal Herrick arrive with a warrant for Elizabeth’s arrest. They find the doll that Mary gave her and notice that it has a needle stuck in it. This matches up with the â€Å"attack† on Abigail allegedly perpetrated by Elizabeth’s spirit. Proctor gets Mary to tell the truth about the doll. She says that she made it in court and stuck the needle in herself with Abigail sitting right next to her. However, the authorities are not convinced by this story. Proctor tears up the arrest warrant in frustration, but Elizabeth agrees to go peacefully. When everyone else has left, Proctor tells Mary that she must testify on Elizabeth’s behalf in court. Mary is terrified to do this because she knows that Abigail will turn the rest of the court against her. Proctor begins to feel a sort of relief because he senses that he and all the other hypocrites are finally being punished for their sins. Judgment, both internal and external, is a constant throughout The Crucible. The CrucibleAct 2 Summary - â€Å"Oops, I Didn’t Read It† Version Act 2 takes place at the Proctor household eight days after Act 1.Elizabeth Proctor serves John dinner, and they chat about his day.There’s some tension between them because of the lingering effects of John’s affair with Abigail. Elizabeth says that Mary Warren went to Salem that day, and John is angry because he forbid her to go.Elizabeth claims she tried to stop her, but Mary insisted on participating in the court proceedings. Elizabeth then reveals the full extent of the situation in Salem to John.Four judges have been summoned from Boston to preside over the trials, and fourteen people are jailed on accusations of witchcraft.Abigail has been exercising a great deal of power in court and continues to feign being attacked by witches.Elizabeth says John must go to Salem to tell the court that Abigail is a fraud.He has some reservations because it will be his word against hers.She thinks he wouldn’t be so hesitant to do this if he had to discredit a different girl.John gets angry that Elizabeth still won’t fully trust him around Abigail, and he feels liks he's always being judged.Elizabeth points out that it’s really his internal guilt about the affair that's making him feel judged. At this point, Mary arrives back from Salem appearing drained from the day’s proceedings.She gives Elizabeth a poppet (a rag doll, essentially) that she made in court.Mary tells the Proctors that there are now 39 people arrested.She breaks down and starts crying.Mary reveals that Goody Osburn is set to hang, but Sarah Good confessed, so she will live.Mary is genuinely convinced that Sarah Good tried to kill her by sending out her spirit.She then claims to remember other times that she was bewitched by Sarah Good.Sarah Good was ultimately condemned after being unable to recite her commandments. Mary insists on going back to court the next day because she feels that she’s doing God's work. JohnProctor tries to whip Mary for her insolence, but Mary interjects that she saved Elizabeth’s life by defending her against accusations in court.Proctor dismisses Mary.After this, Elizabeth is pretty sure that Abigail wants her dead.She thinks Abigail is trying to take her place as Proctor’s wife and will continue to accuse her until she is arrested.Proctor tries to allay these suspicions even though he knows that she’s probably right. Elizabeth insists that John go to Abigail and tell her explicitly that there is no possibility of them ever being together in the future.John gets angry (again) that Elizabeth presumes that he’s still attached to Abigail and is leading her on in some way. At this point, Reverend Hale arrives at the house to speak with the Proctors about the accusations made against Elizabeth.He has just come from questioning Rebecca Nurse, who was accused despite her solid reputation in town.Hale asks why John doesn’t go to church often, and he says it’s because his wife has been sick and he dislikes Parris’ displays of materialism.Hale asks Proctor to say his commandments, and, ironically, the only one he forgets is adultery.Hale is not satisfied. Elizabeth insists that John tell Hale that the girls are faking.After hearing what Proctor has to say, Hale starts to doubt the accusers as well.Still, Proctor balks at testifying in court because the atmosphere sounds so hysterical ("I falter nothing, but I may wonder if my story will be credited in such a court." pg. 65).Elizabeth says she actually doesn’t believe in witches at all, and Hale is taken aback because witches are specifically mentioned in the Bible. Giles Corey enters the house accompanied by Francis Nurse.They reveal to Hale and the Proctors that their wives have been arrested and sent to jail.Rebecca Nurse is suspected of murdering Ann Putnam’s babies.Hale says if Rebecca Nurse has fallen under the control of the Devil, no one is safe.Corey now realizes he made a mistake by voicing his suspicions about his wife’s reading habits in the previous act.The man who accused Martha Corey bought a pig from her that died soon after.He was bitter that Martha wouldn’t refund him the money, so to get revenge he accused her of casting spells with her books. Ezekiel Cheever and Marshal Herrick then arrive at the house.They have a warrant for Elizabeth Proctor’s arrest, and they confirm that she was accused by Abigail.Cheever orders Elizabeth to hand over any dolls she has in the house.Elizabeth is confused and says she hasn’t had dolls since she was a kid.She forgot about the one Mary gave her earlier, which Cheever sees and examines.John Proctor tells Elizabeth to go get Mary so she can confirm that the doll was a gift.Cheever finds a needle in the doll, which he takes as proof of Elizabeth’s guilt.Abigail fell on the floor screaming at dinner andpulled a needle out of her stomach, claiming that Elizabeth’s familiar spirit stabbed her. Mary and Elizabeth return, and Mary admits she made the doll in court while Abigail was sitting next to her.John Proctor thinks that this makes it pretty clear that Abigail is lying, but it’s not enough for Hale to discount the â€Å"proof.†Hale warns Mary that she’s making severe accusations against Abigail. Proctor is fed up with the court’s blind trust in Abigail and the other accusers.He rips up the arrest warrant and tells everyone to leave. Elizabeth sees that there is no way out of the current situation and agrees to go with the marshal to avoid a scene.John promises to bring her back soon and calls Hale a coward for being too passive about the situation.Hale counsels patience and reason so that they can get to the bottom of what’s really happening. Everyone exits the house except Mary and John Proctor.Proctor tells Mary she must testify in court about the real story behind the doll.She is concerned about Abigail’s potential reaction.Mary knows about the affair, and she thinks Abigail will come clean about it and ruin Proctor’s reputation if Mary tries to discredit her. Mary also believes that the court will turn against her if she tells the truth.Proctor is adamant that Elizabeth will not die for his mistakeswith Abigail and starts getting aggressive with Mary to scare her into telling the truth.Mary continues to insist that she can’t testify because of the potential consequences. Does your target always get stabbed with the same implement that you used to poke the voodoo doll? And does that mean you can only use voodoo dolls to give people you hate superficial puncture wounds? Luckily for Abigail, no one is in the right state of mind to care about how little sense all of this makes. The CrucibleAct 2 Quotes This section lists themost important quotes in Act 2. I've written short explanations for each that elaborate on their significance. â€Å"I have not moved from there to there without I think to please you, and still an everlasting funeral marches round your heart. I cannot speak but I am doubted, every moment judged for lies,as though I come into a court when I come into this house!† (John Proctor pg. 52) In this quote, John Proctor criticizes his wife for continuing to mistrust him after he ended things with Abigail.He claims that â€Å"an everlasting funeral marches round [her] heart,† meaning that she insists on continuing to mourn for the damage the affair did to their relationship rather than allowing him to repair it. He feels that Elizabeth is constantly suspicious of him now, to the point where he can’t do anything without being judged.In fact, Elizabeth doesn’t show many signs of being overly judgmental of John (she’s actually doing pretty well considering he just had an affair with a teenager), and most of these issues are a projection of his own guilt. â€Å"I do not judge you. The magistrate sits in your heart that judges you.† (Elizabeth Proctor pg. 52) The real court in Salem is mirrored by a metaphorical court within the mind of John Proctor. Here,Elizabeth points out that John is his own harshest judge.If anyone is judging him, it’s a mini-John Proctor with a judge wig banging a tiny gavel right on his heart strings.Since he's unable to forgive himself for the affair, he projects his guilt onto her even when she’s not acting particularly judgmental. â€Å"I am amazed you do not see what weighty work we do.† (Mary Warren pg. 56) Mary uses â€Å"weighty† as a synonym for â€Å"important† or â€Å"vital.† She feels that she’s doing God’s work, and she is given a sense of purpose and duty through her participation in the trials.In a sense, the trials really are â€Å"weighty work† because they overhaul the entire community.They provide an outlet for the repressed resentments and jealousies that were simmering under the surface. â€Å"Theology, sir, is a fortress; no crack in the fortress may be accounted small.† (Reverend Hale pg. 64) This quote from Hale is a testament to the power of the church in this community and the perception of religion at the time.There is an â€Å"either you’re with us or you’re against us† mentality that encourages persecution of anyone who deviates even slightly from accepted Christian behavior.One misstep can derail a reputation completely, so everyone is eager to conform out of concerns for self-preservation. â€Å"There is a misty plot afoot so subtle we should be criminal to cling to old respects and ancient friendships. I have seen too many frightful proofs in court - the Devil is alive in Salem, and we dare not quail to follow wherever the accusing finger points!† (Reverend Hale pg. 68) This quote from Hale sums up the atmosphere of hysteria that has emerged in Salem.Everyone is afraid to question any of the accusers because that might mean falling for the Devil’s tricks.They feel that the consequences of doubting these accusations could be more dire than the risk of having some innocent people caught up in the mix.Reputation has been conquered by paranoia. Both Parris and Hale will cite different theological examples over the course of the play where someone who was once thought to be virtuous turned out to be evil.In this case, it’s â€Å"Man, remember, until an hour before the Devil fell, God thought him beautiful in Heaven† (Reverend Hale pg. 68).In the next act, Parris will say â€Å"You should surely know that Cain were an upright man, and yet he did kill Abel† (Reverend Parris pg. 85).On some occasions in the Bible, people who were thought to be good turned out to be bad. This shaky precedent is extrapolated to the current situation and gives the church leaders reason to mistrust even the most well-reputed citizens of Salem. â€Å"Why do you never wonder if Parris be innocent, or Abigail? Is the accuser always holy now? Were they born this morning as clean as God’s fingers? I’ll tell you what’s walking Salem - vengeance is walking Salem. We are what we always were in Salem, but now the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom, and common vengeance writes the law!† (John Proctor pg. 73) John is incredibly frustrated because the accusers are all taken at their word, and the accused are denied a fair opportunity to defend themselves.He points out that many of these accusations are clearly driven by revenge.Though that desire for vengeance was always there within the people of Salem, it has only now begun to affect judicial processes and societal power structures in dramatic ways.â€Å"The little crazy children† are the accusers, mostly teenage girls who previously had no power in Salem. They are now â€Å"jangling the keys of the kingdom,† or testing their ability to provoke widespread chaos that favors their own agendas. â€Å"Now Hell and heaven grapple on our backs, and all our old pretense is ripped away - make your peace!Peace. It is a providence, and no great change; we are only what we always were, but naked now.† (John Proctor pg. 76) This an aside John makes to himself at the end of Act 2. He views the witch trials as an unveiling of the true nature of the people of Salem.No one has suddenly become vengeful, paranoid, and unjust - they were always like this underneath a shallow layer of decorum.Proctor has also been burdened by the secret of his affair with Abigail and the guilt he has about it.He sees himself as an immoral person, and he is relieved in a certain sense that he’s about to be exposed for the hypocrite he is so his sins will stop eating him up inside. John was referring to his two cats, Heaven and Hell. Metaphorical pet names were all the rage in 17th century New England. The CrucibleAct 2 Thematic Analysis This is a brief analysis of the most prevalent themes in Act 2. I'll come out with a more comprehensive thematic analysis for the whole play very soon! Irony This act sees one of the most blatant examples of irony in the play. When John is asked to recite the ten commandments, the only one he forgets is the one most applicable to him, adultery (â€Å"Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife."). This shows how hard John is trying to repress his guilt. He hopes to leave the affair in the past and pretend it never happened, but he can't ignore the impact it has had on his relationship with Elizabeth, his sense of self-worth, and Abigail's psyche. Hysteria Act II is when the full extent of the hysteriainSalem becomes apparent.Mary says that there are now not 14 but 39 people who have been thrown in jail on suspicion of witchcraft.The hysteria has been heightened by several confessions which seem to confirm the existence of an evil witchy plot.People are told they will be executed if they refuse to confess, so obviously false confessions abound. The authorities and citizens of the town are so scared of the possibility that these coerced confessions could be the truth that they ignore any logical objections to the proceedings ("I have seen too many frightful proofs in court - the Devil is alive in Salem, and we dare not quail to follow wherever the accusing finger points!" Hale pg. 68).They instead continue to push for more confessions, which are then counted as â€Å"evidence† of a grand Satanic plot.Anyone who doubts the existence of this plot is brought under suspicion. When the poppet is discovered in Elizabeth’s possession, it is taken as concrete proof that she’s involved in witchcraft. Elizabeth'sside of the story immediately becomes virtually irrelevant because Abigail’s testimony is much scarier and more dramatic: "She sat to dinner in Reverend Parris's house tonight, and without word nor warnin' she falls to the floor. Like a struck beast, he says, and screamed a scream that a bull would weep to hear. And he goes to save her, and, stuck two inches in the flesh of her belly, he draw a needle out." (Cheever pg. 71). The idea that a witch's familiar spirit could be going around stabbing people willy-nilly is too horrifying for people who genuinely believe in witchcraft to give Elizabeth the benefit of the doubt. Everyone severely underestimates Abigail's ambition and deviousness. Reputation Goody Good, an old beggar woman, is one of the first to be accused because she is already held in such low regard. It’s easy for respectable citizens to accept that she’s in league with the Devil because she is an "other" in Salem, just like Tituba.Elizabeth knows that Abigail has it in for her because there's no other reason she would take the risk of accusing a farmer’s wife with a solid reputation.Elizabeth is an upstanding member of the community, whereas other women who have been accused were already at the bottom of the totem pole. Elizabeth knows that her high status still affords her some credibility, but this is the point at which the value of reputation in Salem starts to butt heads with the power of hysteria and fear to sway people’s opinions (and vengeance to dictate their actions).In this act it is also revealed that Rebecca Nurse has been accused, a woman whose character was previously thought to be unimpeachable. This is taken as evidence that things are really getting out of control ("if Rebecca Nurse be tainted, then nothing's left to stop the whole green world from burning." Hale pg. 67) , but still people hesitate to discredit the accusers out of fear for their own reputations. Power and Authority In Act 2, we see that Mary Warren has been given a new sense of her own power through the value placed on her testimony in court. Elizabeth notes that Mary's demeanor, previously very meek, is now like that of â€Å"the daughter of a prince† (pg. 50). Mary has never felt like she was a part of something significant like this before, which likely adds to her conviction that the people she's accusing are truly witches. Mary and the other girls are riding on a high of attention and respect from powerful people in the community, so they are especially motivated to stick to their stories (and even genuinely believe their own lies). At this point, Abigail has gone from a nobody to (unofficially) one of the most powerful people in Salem. It would be incredibly difficult for her to go back on her accusations now. Abigail’s low status in normal times ironically gives her a great deal of power in her current situation. No one thinks she’s smart or devious enough to make up all these insane stories, so she is taken at her word. In the words ofJohn Proctor, â€Å"the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom† (pg. 73). Guilt This themeisprominent in the dynamic between John and Elizabeth. John is frustrated with Elizabeth because she still doesn’t fully trust him, but he’s really projecting his internal guilt about his affair with Abigail onto her. John gets worked up because he’s angry at himself for essentially setting these accusations in motion against his wife.He’s frustrated that he hasn’t been allowed to leave the affair behind him and hates that he now has to face up to real consequences.He underestimated Abigail and is now paying the price.John’s guilt is a huge thematic undercurrent throughout the play, as we will see to an even greater extent in the next two acts. Even before his arrest (spoiler alert), John is a prisoner of his own guilt. He kinda deserves it, tbh. The CrucibleAct 2 SummaryConclusion In Act 2, the situation in Salem goes from worrisome to straight up horrifying. It becomes clear just how far the characters are willing to go to protect themselves against the town's burgeoning hysteria (even if it means setting others on a path to the gallows). Let's recap the most important events: Elizabeth informs John that more people have been arrested, and he needs to go to Salem to tell the court that Abigail is a fraud. Mary returns from Salem after participating in the trials and gives Elizabeth a ragdoll she made in court. Mary tells the Proctors that Elizabeth was mentioned briefly, but the accusations were dismissed thanks to Mary's favorable testimony. Elizabeth knows Abigail will continue to accuse her until something sticks, and she tells John he has to go directly to Abigail and tell her that they're NEVER gonna be a thing. Hale warily questions the Proctors about their skimpy church attendance, and John tells him Abigail is a fraud. Hale has fleeting doubts about the legitimacy of the girls' accusations. Francis Nurse and Giles Corey come to the house and say that their wives have been arrested. Then, Ezekiel Cheever and Marshal Herrick arrive with a warrant for Elizabeth's arrest. They find a needle in the doll Mary gave Elizabeth that corresponds to the needle that Elizabeth's familiar spirit supposedly used to stab Abigail. Elizabeth goes with them peacefully after realizing she can't prove her innocence. John angrily insists that Mary must tell the court Abigail is lying. Mary says she's too scared of the consequences and doesn't think she can do it. This is all a set-up for the heightened drama of Act 3. John Proctor is prepared to tell the whole truth about Abigail to save his wife and the rest of the accused, but will that be enough to stem the tide of witch-related hysteria? Hint: no. What's Next? Want a full summary of the play all in one place? Check out our complete overview of the plot of The Crucible, including descriptions of the main characters and a list of major themes. If you're looking for a deeper thematic discussion to help you write a killer essay, read this article on how each theme manifests in the play and what larger conclusions can be drawn as a result. We've also written comprehensive analyses of the most significant characters in The Crucible. Read all about the traits, actions, and thematic relevance of John Proctor, Abigail Williams, Rebecca Nurse, Giles Corey, and Mary Warren. Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Samantha Lindsay About the Author Samantha is a blog content writer for PrepScholar. Her goal is to help students adopt a less stressful view of standardized testing and other academic challenges through her articles. Samantha is also passionate about art and graduated with honors from Dartmouth College as a Studio Art major in 2014. 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Thursday, March 5, 2020

How to Convert an Adjective to an Adverb

How to Convert an Adjective to an Adverb How to Convert an Adjective to an Adverb How to Convert an Adjective to an Adverb By Mark Nichol How do you determine whether the adverbial form of an adjective should end in -ly or -ally? For most adjectives, the reason to use -ally, rather than -ly, is that you’re adding -ly to a noun plus the inflection -al, which forms the adjective, as in emotionally, musically, or traditionally. You’re starting with emotion, music, or tradition, converting the noun to an adjective (emotional, musical, or traditional), and then adding -ly. But this process isn’t consistent. The adjectival form of romance is romantic, not romantical, nor are academical or sarcastical adjectival forms. But you can distinguish these exceptions by noting that the noun form of these words is not the word minus -al; those forms are the adjectival ones, and the noun forms are irregular: Romantic is derived from romance, not romant; academic comes from academy, not academ; and sarcastic stems from sarcasm, not sarcast. A generalization is that -ally follows words that end with the letter c; however, the adverbial form of public is publicly, not publically, and there may be other exceptions. In addition, some words bereft of the letter c, like sentimentally, are anomalously constructed. Note, too, that other major parts of speech include words that end in -ly: for example, the nouns ally and bully, the adjectives friendly and lonely, and the verbs apply and supply. (Also, adjectives ending in -ly have no adverbial form.) To summarize, if an adjective ends in -al, append -ly to produce its adverbial form. If an adjective does not end in -al, attach -ly without inserting -al first to transform it into an adverb. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Grammar category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:When to use "on" and when to use "in"Hyper and Hypo45 Idioms About the Number One

Monday, February 17, 2020

Specialised nursing Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Specialised nursing - Essay Example His care management needs will be complicated his diagnoses of autism, depression, and gastric cancer. The delivery of care will follow mainly the care pathway of mental health nursing with inclusion of elements in palliative care for gastric cancer. Evidence: People with autistic disorder have significantly increased rates of depression and bipolar affective disorder. Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders is more easily made in those who are verbal than in those who are severely handicapped, and therefore diagnosis, monitoring, and communication would be very challenging with John while conducting his care (Ghaziuddin, Ghaziuddin, and Greden, 2002, 299-306). Most patients with gastric cancer present in an advanced state. It has been found that palliative surgery is the only possible way. He is facing death without knowing its implications. From the nursing perspective, one of the main reasons for measuring the patient satisfaction is to provide information to facilitate care, which is impossible in this patient. For autistic patients admission to a hospital may be detrimental due to fear of exposure. The care management must consider nursing him in a special quiet room near the nursing station with frequent monitoring (Aylott, 200 4, 828-833). Palliation is an emerging model of care that emphasizes the supportive role of healthcare practitioners throughout illness with the main strategy being symptomatic control with the care being holistic so that suffering can be relieved at all stages of the illness (Dell et al., 2008, 177-182). Autistic persons with depression often show an increase in social withdrawal. When depression sets in, the level of isolation and withdrawal gradually increases. The problem may arise in the area of communication, which is an essential part of holistic care. It is important to note that the patients with autism are difficult to manage, and the care planning and management becomes more difficult in the given situation. Due only to his autism, he can become anxious and agitated when his routine environment changes. His admission to the hospital creates such a situation, since hospital is an unfamiliar environment for him. Special care must be taken to ensure an optimum care environme nt (Aylott, 2001, 166-172). Gastric Cancer: The main feature of a cancer cell is loss of regulation of the process of cellular multiplication. The growth of normal cells is rigidly regulated. In cancer cells, however, this growth control mechanism is lost or altered, causing cancer cells to divide continuously and without regard for the tissue requirements. As malignant cells replicate they grow in an irregular pattern, infiltrating surrounding tissue. This can result in infiltration of the lymphatics and/or blood vessels. By gaining access to these vessels malignant cells can be carried to other sites within the patient's body, where they will replicate and grow. To ensure that these malignant cells receive nourishment to thrive, angiogenesis occurs, which is the formation of new blood vessels. If left untreated, these cells will result in localized recurrence of the cancer and eventual spread. The spread of the malignant cells extends outward from the original tumour (Gilbey et al., 2004, 903-911). Surgery is the main modality of treatment of gastric cancer with very poor survival (Balmain, 2001, 77-82). The development of an individualized treatment plan for a patient must take